Gynecomastia, popularly known as man boobs or male boobs is a graded condition wherein the breasts swell up abnormally due to hormonal imbalance. In females, breast growth along with other feminine characteristics is caused due to the presence of estrogen hormone in the body. Although this hormone is also present in males, however, it is present in reduced quantities as compared to testosterone levels.
Therefore, gynecomastia develops in the male population when the reduced level of estrogen in the body increases or testosterone level decreases. When such hormonal imbalance occurs, the glandular tissues grow gradually and settle down beneath the chest skin resulting in breast growth.
Gynecomastia is the enlarged male breast tissue caused by a hormone imbalance. Male breast tissue enlarges due to reduced male hormones (testosterone) or increased female hormones (oestrogen).
It is normal in the newborns, boys in puberty and older adults to develop gynecomastia because lot of hormonal changes occur in these stages of life. The condition is not considered as a serious problem but sometime it becomes difficult to deal with it. It can be painful to some men and boys and also become a point of embarrassment. In some cases, it may go away on its own but some require surgery to prevent its complications.
Pseudogynecomastia refers to the condition wherein the male boobs comprise fatty tissues behind, around, and under the nipples
True gynecomastia refers to enlarged glandular tissue with minimum or no fatty tissue deposition.
Self Diagnosis: Self-diagnosis of gynecomastia is extremely easy. You just need to observe the symptoms along with the size and shape of your breasts. If a hard lump starts to form around the nipples, it might be a condition of pseudo gynecomastia. In such a case, the firmness of the nipples might get lost.
However, if you observe a disc-shaped growth beneath the breast skin, it might be a condition of true gynecomastia. Mostly development of glandular tissue is associated with the production of milk. Therefore, in some cases, you might notice a discharge from the nipples.
Diagnosis by Doctor: Once you self-diagnose and observe evident symptoms, you must reach out to a cosmetic surgeon. The doctor will perform a physical test to diagnose the actual condition.
Besides the physical examination, the doctor will also recommend a few tests, including blood culture, urine, mammogram, etc. In case of severe conditions, the doctor might also call for a biopsy, wherein a small amount of tissue will be sent to check for any kind of cancerous growth.
To reduce the slight increase in the male breasts, following non-invasive approaches can be adopted :
Permanent treatment of gynecomstia is not possible with non-surgical treatment approaches.
It is a highly-advanced technique, wherein a long, thin needle (known as a cannula) is inserted in a tiny incision made near the margin of the nipple-areolar complex to eject the fatty tissues through suction. Liposuction is of different types based on the technology used, including laser, vaser, etc.
In this surgical procedure, the fatty tissues are excised using a scalpel inserted through a small incision made around the areolar region of the nipple. Once the procedure is complete, the holes are closed, which heal automatically within two-three days. This surgical technique is mostly preferred when the fatty tissues have become glandular and cannot be broken and sucked out.
In case of repetitive escalation, it might cause spinal deformity and defects in sitting and standing postures. As far as mental health is concerned, most men shy away and become self-conscious due to their physical appearance. This results in depression due to social anxiety.
Some of the common complications associated with gynecomastia include:
If gynecomastia is left untreated, it can impact both the physical and mental health of the patient. The continuous enlargement of the breast can pressurize the back muscles and they might not have the strength to support them, thus resulting in chronic backache.
The average cost of gynecomastia surgery ranges between ₹ 35,000- ₹70,000 depending on the expert diagnosis and location.
Gynecomastia surgery is a cosmetic procedure that is often not covered under health insurance policies because it is considered an elective surgery. However, some insurance plans may cover the surgery if it is deemed medically necessary due to a hormonal imbalance or other medical conditions that cause breast tissue enlargement.
If your health insurance plan does not cover gynecomastia surgery, you will need to pay for the procedure out of pocket. The cost of the surgery can vary depending on various factors, such as the surgeon's experience, the type of anesthesia used, the complexity of the surgery, and the geographic location of the facility.
Gynecomastia is a prevalent problem that affects both men and boys. It is a medical disorder characterized by male breast tissue growth induced by a hormonal imbalance. It is normally harmless, but it might occasionally be an indication of an underlying medical issue that needs medical treatment. Gynecomastia surgery, commonly known as male breast reduction […]
Having extra breast tissue under the arm can be concerning and cause anxiety for many people. If this is something you’re facing, you may have already heard of axillary breast, also known as accessory breast tissue, a condition where extra breast tissue develops in the armpit. To help you understand this condition, we’ll discuss axillary […]
Home Remedies for Gynecomastia in Tamil – உங்கள் ஆண் மார்பிலிருந்து விடுபட ஒரு வழியைத் தேடுகிறீர்களா? கின்கோமாஸ்டியாவிற்கு சிறந்த வீட்டு வைத்தியம் கிடைக்கும். கின்கோமாஸ்டியா அறுவை சிகிச்சைக்கு வரும்போது, முதலில் மக்களின் மனதைக் கடப்பது அவர்கள் சமாளிக்க வேண்டிய மிகப்பெரிய மருத்துவ மசோதாவாகும். சுகாதாரப் பாதுகாப்பு வழங்குநர்கள் உள்ளனர், அங்கு நீங்கள் மலிவு சிகிச்சைகளைக் காணலாம், ஆனால் பல சந்தர்ப்பங்களில் மக்கள் நோய்கள் மற்றும் நோய்களுக்குச் சிகிச்சையளிக்க மிகவும் இயற்கையான வழியை விரும்புகிறார்கள். கின்கோமாஸ்டியாவிற்கு […]
Enlarged male breast is called Gynecomastia which can be seen in men of almost all ages. Most often it occurs in newborns, adolescents, and older adults.
You may notice gynecomastia as a button size abnormal growth under the nipples. The breast lump can be felt easily and is tender to the touch. These breast lumps can be felt in one or both breasts.
Gynecomastia cannot be prevented as it is caused due to various hormonal changes that are not in your control. But the risk of breast enlargement can be reduced by choosing certain medications over others that can lead to major hormone changes. This must be done with doctor's consent.
Gynecomastia is the enlarged male breast tissue caused by a hormone imbalance. Male breast tissue enlarges due to reduced male hormones (testosterone) or increased female hormones (estrogen).
It is normal in newborns, boys in puberty, and older adults to develop gynecomastia because a lot of hormonal changes occur in these stages of life. The condition is not considered a serious problem but sometimes it becomes difficult to deal with it. It can be painful to some men and boys and also become a point of embarrassment. In some cases, it may go away on its own but some require surgery to prevent its complications.
There have been refinements over the years in the management of gynecomastia using liposuction by introducing newer liposuction technologies.
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